Under construction.

9.Seokdo in Korean Imperial Edict #41. 1900 is no Liancourt Rocks

Korean insist, Liancourt Rocks(Japan call it Takeshima and Korea call it Dokdo, is incorporated by

the Korean Imperial Edict 41. But this is false information.

There are no evidence found that supports Korean claim of Seokdo be Liancourt Rocks and

some evidence denies Seokdo is Liancourt Rocks.So it is difficult to confirm which island is Seokdo

because less resources today.


There are only two records which wrote Seokdo. But there are no records or maps which can confirms the Seokdo.

From the resources, Seokdo can be ;

1.     Within 130”56E,which Korea recognized of its easternmost boundary of Jukdo.

2.     The Ulleungdo district is around 70 east-west/ 40 north-south. 


Although the Korean claim "Seokdo石島" is “Dokdo獨島” is completely out of the condition above two,

there are no crucial records and maps which can confirm which island is Seokdo. Now there are 3 options

of Seokdo on Korean Imperial edict 41.


.Small five southcoast rocks—not exist


 .Liacnourt Rockstakeshima竹島/Dokdo獨島Out of the condition above 1 and 2.


.Gwaneumdo観音島 is Seokdo? shown several times on the detail map of Ulluengdo by

Ulleungdo inspectors. The island is sometimes confused it is “island” or “part of Cape

called Seommok島項/島牧

Gwaneumdo is second prominent adjunctive island of Ulleungdo, judging from the Korean maps.

Sometimes It was called “Small Usando"小于島, 島項(a), and Sokoto鼠項島(b).


a.     Small-Usando小于島 –Second prominent adjunctive island of Ulleungdo in Inspector detail


Ulleungdo’s detail maps by Korean on 1699.1702.1882 above has Gwaneumdo..


b.鼠項島SoKoTo, which is same pronunciations with Sokdo石島.

鼠項島 韓国水産誌1909.attached map below.

The local placemark index of 韓国水産誌 鼠項島SoKoTo is listed in “So“Pages,

Also Gwaneumdo観音島/SOKOTO鼠項島 listed up in the second prominent adjunctive island of Ullugndo.

There are some cases that Japan records place of name with Korean’s local pronunciation

e.g. てっせみ島Tessemi-to(Japanese) -Daetsom-to(Korean) (JUKDO

  チョンポドン亭石浦ChonPoDong(Japanese)-ChonpuDong天府洞(Korean)northwest of Ulluegndo area

called SokBo

Also see: Japanese modern detail map of Ulluengdo list. 


Rebutt suggestion.

Most of orthodox Korean Ulleungdo’s detail maps has no mentioned about Gwaneumdo because they hadn’t

recognized it as Island, but it is just a cape and part of Ulleungdo, especially copied maps from

Detail map of Ulleungdo by Inspector, 1711.

(see map below, and Detal map of Ulleugdo collection of 1.2, rectangular and pentagram )




-Southern coast small five rocks- actually five islands are no exist on the south of Ulluengdo

(See: the map above and Detail map of Ulleungdo, based on the information by Ulleungdo



Korean call those group of barren rocks as Seokdo石島,those five Rocks can be applied as SEOKDO.石島

   Those five rocks are not exist actually, but Korean believe the existence of it, judging

from the various Korean records and Maps.

a.     Most of Ullengdo detail maps from 1711-1834. 1890

b.1863.大東地誌 金正浩  




川溪六七竹田五六居址數十有楮田洞孔巖朱土窟石葬古址船泊處待風所 島之南有四五小島島中皆石壁石澗




Adjunctive Small six island MINUS most prominent of Usando-JUKDO (one island)=Five small islands like (b)

( 6 – 1 = 5 )

Rebutt suggestion

Those five southerncoast rock is not exist actually but they have cognizant only in the Maps

In 1882 and 1890, 1899 and 1900 there was Ulleungdo Inspection and they know Ulleungdo geography

information and they would know there are no five rocks on southcoast,but three rocks, One is Turtle Rock,

second is Lion Rock, third is A Rock nearby Gabon-do可嶺頭, Seal Point.


-Seokdo is Tessemi island?, another name of Jukdo竹嶼

There is the record that Japanese recorded Jukdo’s another name of Tessemi(てつせみ)island..

It is strange that there are only two times shown on the Japanese records and it has disappear after that.

Seokdo is also shown only two times and after that it has also disappear after that.


1902.10.10外務省通商局編纂 通商彙纂 付録 韓国鬱陵島事情  第一:鬱陵島の地勢


周回三拾X余「タブ」女竹繁スト雖トモ飲料水ナキヲ以テ移住スル モノナシト云フ

Tessemi island is in fromt of Wadari and Japanese call it Jukdo(竹嶼)

Circle distance around 30,Tab-Female bamboo thrived but there are no people because of no drinking water.


Some Japanese record implies Totsomトツソムis 石島 in the west of Korean peninsula, which is similar character

and pronunciation of Seokdo石島


Tessemi is very resemble with Totssom. N addition, Jukdo has been recognized just a prominent rocky

island.nearby Ulleungdo,

European call it Bossoule Rocks.


Those records implies that Jukdo is prominent Rockly island.



North of Ulleungdo there are a small island which are called Jukdo ,which is just a Rock(y islands).



One small island in the east (of ulluengdo).And strange rocks around the island.

c.1886.12寰瀛水路誌 第二巻第二版 韓露沿岸


竹嶼は最大にして島の東濱を距る七 金蓮の地に位す

Jukdo, English name “Bossoule”Rocks

Jukdo is most biggest stone and east of Ulleungdo,


Rebutt suggestion

There has another possibility that Tessemi is Daetsom, which is Korean pronunciation of Jukdo.


.Seokdo is Liancourt Rocks? It is no.

No Korean records can confirms which island is Seokdo.

The Korean Imperial Edict #41 was established because of the Korean Ulluengdo Inspection reports.

Late of 19th century, there are problem that Japanese illegally cutting timbers. To more supervise on

Ulleungdo. So they thought need Ulleungdo to upgraded Ulleung-Gun鬱陵郡.

Although Korean side record of Ulleungdo inspection鬱島記by 禹用鼎 had been missing,, there are

another Japanese record-which Akatsuka Masasuke 赤塚正助) who he had been to Ulluengdo at the

same time with禹用鼎. He had stayed in 裵季周’s house, who is Island governor(島監).


In addition,there are additional evidence that Lianocourt Rocks is not Seokdo.

1.Uluengdo maps around Late of 19th Century, all the map has no description about Liancourt Rocks.

  All the Korean maps , incruding late of 19th century, there are no Seokdo and Lianocurt Rocks

on the Maps

  And Japanese Ulleungdo inspector’s maps ,travelling with Korean officer, there are no Seokdo

  and no lianocurt Rocks on those maps.

2.Korea recognized width of Uluengdo district, 70east-west+40north-south

200Circle distance.




皇城新聞1899 鬱陵郡範囲:70里×40里 周囲200

North×South / Circle distance

14km×08km 周囲20km

North×South / Circle distance

28km×16km 周囲 40km

皇城新聞1905 獨島外洋100余里

Over 20km away from Ulluengdo

Over 40km away from Ulleugndo.

皇城新聞1906 鬱陵郡範囲:70里×40里 周囲200

North×South / Circle distance

14km×08km 周囲20km

North×South / Circle distance

28km×16km 周囲 40km

On 1906 Korean Ulleungdo officer and Hwason newspaper皇城新聞reported to Seoul thatDokdo獨島“is

over 100 away from Ulleungdo. It is out of Korean’s recognization of Ulleungdo district.

Also see: List of Korean records which shows Koran’s recognization of Ulluengdo district.

3.Korea recognized of its easternmost territorial boundary is 130”35-130”56 Ulleungdo’s Jukdo

Ofcourse Liancourt Rocks is located on 131”52 E, it is also out of easternmost boundary of Korea

  See Korean and Japanese records which shows Korean easternmost territorial bouhdary.

4.On Ulluengdo here are no place of name that “Seok“changed to ”Dok

Though Korean distorts name of “Dokdo” is changed from Chongrado’s local dialect from Seokdo石甫,

which is in Imperial Edict #41. Check placemark on the Ulleungdo detail maps

e.g. 石圃Seokbo didn’t changed Dokbo独圃.

亭石浦Chonseokbo didn’t changed ChonDokbo亭独浦.

石門洞SeokMunDo didn’t changed DokMunDo独門洞

5.No records or maps which shows Seokdo is Liancourt Rocks.

Korean around 1901, they call it Lyanco-do, which Japanese call it Lianocurt Rocks.

Around 1904, it is first time shown up the record Korean wrote Liancourt Rocks as Dokdo獨島

1904.Logbook of Niitaka戦艦新高の日誌.



At Matsushima(*Ulleungdo) the information from the people who had been to Lianocurt Rocks that

Korean wrote it 獨島(Dokdoand Japanese on Ulluengdo so-called it Liyanco-island.

Previous report on 1901 and 1903, Japanese and Korean call it Lyanco.(Liancourt Rocks, called by Japanese

1901.黒龍界 韓国沿海事情 P13   (韓海通漁指針 葛生修吉 on 1903 referenced from this)


晴天の際 鬱陵島山峯の高所より之れを望むを得べし。韓人及び本邦漁人は之れをヤンコと呼び

From Ulleungdo, southeast of Ulluengdo, 30 Japanese , same distance northwest of Oki islets,

There are one island.In the fine days it can be seen from the high altitude of Ulluengdo mountains.

Korean and Japanese fisherman call it Lyanco.



There are no evidence found that supports Korean claim of Seokdo be Liancourt Rocks and

some evidence denies Seokdo is Liancourt Rocks. But it is difficult to confirm which island is Seokdo

because less resources today.



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